Identifying verbs (Mengidentifikasi Verba)

What’s a verb? Verbs are words that usually express an action. Here are two easy ways to identify a verb; you can use either one.

 If a word can have ‘should ‘ in front of it and the phrase sounds complete, the word is a verb. Examples: should leave, should sailshould discover, should complain. Leave, sail, discover, and complain are all verbs.

If a word can have ‘to’   in front of it and the phrase sounds complete, it’s a verb. Examples: to leave, to sail, to discover, to complain. Leave, sail , discover, and complain are all verbs. (Note that we’re not talking here about two, too, or the to that indicates direction, as in ‘Let’s go to the park.’ )

Here are some examples of verbs.You can see that they all meet the test with should and the test with to.

go:                   should go                       to go

tell:                  should tell                      to tell

disagree:         should disagree              to disagree

spell:                should spell                    to spell

In contrast, the following words do not pass the should or to test:

coffee:               *should coffee                   *to coffee

beautiful:           *should beautiful                 *to beautiful

hardly:               *should hardly                    *to hardly

under:                *should under                     *to under

 Thus, coffee, beautiful , hardly, and under are not verbs.

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Exercise 7.1

Which of the following words are verbs? See if they sound like a complete unit when you put the word should or to .

Sample: characteristic –> Not a verb

read –> verb

1. defend

2. include

3. largest

4. how

5. learn

6. sightsee

7. unbelievably

8. look

9. grow

10. ambitious

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