Proper and common nouns

Do the following sentences look a little strange?

  • Mrs. smith took the 10th grade class of lincoln high school to france for a trip.
  • The class visited paris and was thrilled to see the e¡ffel tower.

Normally, we capitalize (menggunakan huruf kapital) the first letter (huruf pertama) of nouns that are actual names, no matter where they are in a sentence. Let’s look at the same sentences with the names capitalized:

  •  Mrs. Smith took the 10th grade class of Lincoln High School to France for a trip.

    (Ny. Smith mengajak kelas 10 Sekolah Tinggi Lincoln ke Perancis untuk jalan-jalan.)

  •  The class visited Paris and was thrilled to see the Eiffel Tower.

    (Kelas tersebut mengunjungi Paris dan merasa senang dapat melihat Menara Eiffel.)

 Nouns that are actual names are called proper nouns; nouns that are not names are called common nouns. Notice that not only people have names: places (Rome), companies (IBM), and books (Gone With the Wind), among others, can have names, too.

 Nouns that are actual names, for example Mary, are called proper nouns. Nouns that are not names are called common nouns, e.g. girl.

[Glossary: grade = kelas/tingkat; trip = perjalanan; thrill(ed) = senang/sensasi; capitalize = menulis dengan huruf besar]

Exercise 1

For each noun below, determine if it is a proper noun or common noun. For this exercise, the proper nouns are not capitalized (untuk latihan ini proper noun tidak akan ditulis dalam huruf kapital).

Sample: england –> proper

1. seattle

2. crater lake national park

3. tissues

4. sofa

5. pepsi cola

6. mediterranean sea

7. disneyland

8. company

9. british broadcasting company

10. television

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: